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AMA Style Guide

This guide is intended to introduce you to the basics of citation formatting as outlined in the 11th edition of the AMA Manual of Style

Video

If the type of media is named in the title, you do not have to restate it in the citation.  If there is a URL to digital content or a transcript include it at the end of the citation with no period after.

Streaming video from website
Author/Host/User. Video Title. Distributor/Publisher. Year. Accessed Month Day, Year. URL
  1. Smith R. Evidence-Based Medicine: An Oral History. The JAMA Network and the BMJ. 2014. Accessed October 14, 2016. https://ebm.jamanetwork.com/
DVD
Author AA. Title. DVD. Distributor; Year. URL
  1. Moyers B. On Our Own Terms: Moyers on Dying. DVD. Thirteen/WNET; 2000. https://billmoyers.com/series/on-our-own-terms-moyers-on-dying/
  2. Bernstein Fant B, Fant L. The American Sign Language Phrase Book With DVD. McGraw-Hill Education; 2011.
Video news release

Title. News release. Publication. Month Day, Year. Accessed Month Day, Year. URL

  1. Cerebral protection device effects on brain lesions after TAVI. The JAMA Report. August 9, 2016. Accessed August 18, 2016. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fsAHMq9eHdc
  2. Use of wearable fitness technology does not improve weight loss. The JAMA Report. September 20, 2016. Accessed October 14, 2016. https://youtu.be/LZmf_5vkzmg

Podcasts

Podcasts have a variety of different information available, include as much as you can.

Podcast episode with a unique title
Author/Podcast Network. Podcast Title. Episode title. Month Day, Year. Accessed Month Day, Year. URL
  1. Nate. The Show About Science. Butterflies with Doug Taron. October 11, 2016. Accessed January 10, 2019. https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/the-show-about-science/id1046413761
Podcast episode without a unique title
Author/Podcast Network. Description of episode. Podcast Title. Month Day, Year. Accessed Month Day, Year. URL
  1. Interview with Charles Harding, author of “Breast Cancer Screening, Incidence, and Mortality Across US Counties,” and Joann G. Elmore, author of “Effect of Screening Mammography on Cancer Incidence and Mortality”. JAMA Intern Med. July 6, 2015. Accessed June 18, 2019. https://edhub.ama-assn.org/jn-learning/audio-player/11054180
  2. Baucher H. Editor’s audio summary. JAMA. March 5, 2019. Accessed March 10, 2019. https://edhub.ama-assn.org/jn-learning/audio-player/17356045

Apps & Interactive Games

If you are referencing the first version of an application or game, do not include the version number in the citation.  If the app or game is available online, include the URL at the end of the citation without a period after.

Application/App
Name app. Version. Publisher/Company. Updated Month Day, Year.
  1. JN Listen app. American Medical Association. Updated March 1, 2019.
  2. Davis’s Drug Guide With Updates & Calculators app. Version 1.18. Unbound Medicine Inc. Updated September 25, 2015.
Interactive game
Name. Game Developer. Publication Year. Accessed Month Day, Year. URL
  1. That Dragon, Cancer. Numinous Games. 2016. Accessed August 17, 2016. http://www.thatdragoncancer.com/

Other Multimedia

When referencing multimedia, you should include the type of media in the citation.  If you don't have all elements of a citation include as much information as you can.  Include the name of the department or agency responsible for the multimedia if it helps identify the nature of what is being cited.

Multimedia referenced in an online publication
Name. Month Day, Year. Accessed Month Day, Year. URL. Media for: Author AA, Author BB. Title. Approved Journal Abbreviation. Year;Volume(issue):pages. doi:10.xxxx/xxx
  1. Modeled estimates of HIV incidence, prevalence, and mortality worldwide and in 118 countries, 1990-2013. Accessed August 17, 2016. https://edhub.ama-assn.org/jn-learning/interactive/13984801. Interactive feature for: Leach-Kemon K, Dhepard D, O’Rourke K, VanderZanden A; Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation. JAMA. 2015;314(15)1552. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.12936
  2. Association between income and life expectancy in the United States. April 10, 2016. Accessed October 13, 2016. http://jamanetwork.com/learning/video-player/12647873. Multimedia supplement to: Chetty R, Stepner M, Abraham S, et al. The association between income and life expectancy in the United States, 2001-2014. JAMA. 2016;315(16):1750-1766. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.4226
Online video supplement
Name. Month Day, Year. Accessed Month Day, Year. URL. Media for: Author AA, Author BB. Title. Approved Journal Abbreviation. Year;Volume(issue):pages. doi:10.xxxx/xxx
  1. The global burden of cancer 2013. May 28, 2015. Accessed October 13, 2016. https://jamanetwork.com/learning/video-player/10626961. Author video interview for: Global Burden of Disease Cancer Collaboration. JAMA Oncol. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2015.0735
  2. Middle ear aspiration. November 3, 2016. Accessed September 30, 2019. https://edhub.ama-assn.org/jn-learning/video-player/13673838. Video supplement to: Chan LC, Wabnitz D, Bassiouni A, et al. Identification of the bacterial reservoirs for the middle ear using phylogenic analysis. JAMA Ontolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2017;143(2):155-161.
Infographic

Include the name of the department or agency responsible for the multimedia if it helps identify the nature of what is being cited. 

Author. Name. Infographic. Approved Journal Abbreviation. Year;Volume(issue):pages. Accessed Month Day, Year. doi:10.xxxx/xxx

  1. Kaiser Family Foundation. A snapshot of US global health funding. Visualizing Health Policy infographic. JAMA. 2014;311(16):1601. Accessed October 13, 2016. doi: 10.1001/jama.2014.3890
Multimedia with its own DOI

Author AA, Author BB. Name. Approved Journal Abbreviation. Year;Volume:elocator. Accessed Month Day, Year. doi:10.xxxx/xxx

  1. Lee PY, Costumbrado J, Hsu CY, Kim YH. Agarose gel electrophoresis for the separation of DNA fragments. J Vis Exp. 2012;62:e3923. Accessed October 13, 2016. doi:10.3791/3923

Audio & Video Transcripts

Radio broadcast
Segment title. Transcript. Show. Radio Station. Month Day, Year. Accessed Month Day, Year.  URL
  1. Families describe how they felt heading a out an autism diagnosis. Transcript. Weekend Edition Saturday. National Public Radio. January 16, 2016. Accessed October 20, 2016. http://www.npr.org/2016/01/15/463221381/families-describe-how-they-felt-hearing-about-an-autism-diagnosis
Television show
Segment title. Transcript. Show. Production company. Month Day, Year.  Accessed Month Day, Year. URL
  1. Heroin in the heartland. Transcript. 60 Minutes. CBS television. January 24, 2016. Accessed October 20, 2016. http://www.cbsnews.com/new/heroin-in-the-heartland-60-minutes/
Commercial
Product commercial. Title. Transcript. Company. Advertisement by Advertising Company. Last aired Month Day, Year. Accessed Month Day, Year. URL
  1. Celebrex commercial. Body in motion. Transcript. Pfizer. Advertisement by Kaplan Thaler Group. Last aired September 18, 2014. Accessed July 13, 2016. https://www.ispot.tv/ad/7V7z/celebrex-body-in-motion
Script from an online video
Title. Video Script. Production company. Month Day, Year. Accessed Month Day, Year. URL
  1. Device reduces risk of brain injury after heart valve replacement. Video script. JAMA Report Video. August 9, 2016. Accessed August 18, 2016. https://media.jamanetwork.com/news-item/device-reduces-risk-of-brain-injury-after-heart-valve-replacement/#