In-text citations include the last name of the author(s) and the year of publication. Page numbers should be included in the in-text citation when quoting directly from a work or referring to specific passages.
American Sociological Association. 2019. American Sociological Association Style Guide. 6th ed. Washington, D. C.: American Sociological Association.
...for validity and authenticity (Davis 2005).
Giddens (1991) argues that...
Giddens (1991:7) argues...
...(Danzigner and Ratner 2010)
First citation: (Smith, Davis, and Wolf 2005)
Following citations: (Smith et al. 2005)
(Potter et al. 1999)
Potter et al. (1999) discovered that...
To create shorter in-text citations, abbreviations of the institution are preffered.
In-text: (ASA 2018)
Reference: ASA (American Sociological Association). 2018...
**For additional examples, consult the ASA Style guide or Purdue Owl website.