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APA Style Guide - 7th Edition

This guide is intended to introduce you to the basics of citation formatting as outlined in the APA Publication Manual 7th Edition

In-Text Citation System

References in APA citation style are cited in text with an author-date citation system.  This includes the last name of the author or authors and the date (only the year) of publication.  Page numbers must be used with direct quotes.

(APA, 2020).


Direct Quote(w/ page numbers):  

(Borin, 2013, p. 155)


Direct Quote(w/ paragraph numbers):

(Wolf, 2012, para. 5).


Indirect Quote (paraphrasing):  

(Borin, 2013)


1 Author: 

(Borin, 2019)


2 Authors: 

(Borin & Wolf, 2014)


3 or more Authors:

(Borin et al., 2014)