"An empirical article is a research article that reports the results of a study that uses data derived from actual observation or experimentation."
To identify an article based on empirical research, look for the following characteristics:
Abstract: A brief overview of the research conducted.
Introduction: Puts the research in context, discusses related research and the hypotheses for the research.
Methodology: Describes how the research was conducted.
Results: Describes the outcome of the research.
Discussion: Contains the interpretations and implications of the study.
References / Bibliography: Citation list for all material referenced during the research process.
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