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APA Style Guide

This guide is intended to introduce you to the basics of citation formatting as outlined in the eighth edition of the APA Publication Manual 6th Edition.

What is APA Style?

American Psychological Association (APA) style is commonly used for citing references in science and social science courses, such as Nursing, Psychology, Education, and Social Work.

The information contained in this guide is based on the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association 6th Edition REF BF76.7.P83 2010, where applicable you will see page numbers in parentheses which indicate where the information came from. You will find multiple copies of this book are available at the reference desk on the main floor of Wolfgram Library.

The new and expanded coverage offered in the 6th Edition includes:
  • Detailed information on in-text citation styles and references.
  • Comprehensive explanation of electronic sources, focusing on using the digital object identifier (DOI) to help locate information.
  • More reference examples, emphasizing the electronic formats now available.

Why use citations for your research paper?

  • To demonstrate that you consulted accurate and scholarly materials to support your research.
  • To provide an easy way for readers of your work to obtain the sources that you used.

When to cite a source:

  • When you use the exact words of an author in your paper.
  • When you paraphrase another author, includes summarizing a passage or rearranging the order of a sentence, even if you change some words.
  • When you use a specific idea or concept introduced by an author. (When an author models a study after one done by someone else, the original author should be given credit.)
  • When you use facts or figures that are not common knowledge
(Publication Manual, 2010, pp.169-170).

APA Blog

Style experts from the American Psychological Association share tips and background about writing in APA Style.

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